DIRECTOR ACADÉMICO DE DIVERBO
Some teachers prefer to include ‘should’ with their lesson on obligation. Others, like we’re going to do here, prefer to teach it as a separate lesson. In any case, we use ‘should’, ‘ought to’ and ‘had better’ to talk about advice, suggestions, threats and warnings.
You had better be careful with that snake
We should use less plastic
We use ‘should’ when we want to give advice, make suggestions or say that something is the right thing to do. We NEVER use ‘to’ after should:
The negative is ‘should not’, which we frequently contract:
In the question, we invert ‘should’ and the subject:
In this way we can also use ‘ought to’ but with the following limitations. We don’t really use it in negative or questions, and we normally only use it in present:
Because we say ‘ought to’ it often confuses students and tempts them to say ‘should to’. Remember, we DON’T say ‘should to’. It is often used in informal English, and often said in a very compact way:
‘Had better’ is used for a threat or a warning. It is stronger than ‘should’ and implies consequences if the action is (or is not) carried out:
Often we use ‘or else’ or ‘otherwise’ to introduce the consequences:
The negative is ‘had better not’.
Like with ‘should’ we don’t use ‘to’ after ‘had better’. For some reason, students often use the affirmative correctly, but then add ‘to’ in the negative.
To get together = reunirse, juntarse
Neutral = punto muerto
To charge = cobrar
Emergency room = urgencias
To carry out = llevar a cabo
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