Fat – ¿gordo, grasa? Ambas cosas y más

To most English speakers, the word ‘fat’ has negative connotations.  It is the enemy of the bikini or swimsuit in summer and it is a negative way to describe somebody who is overweight.

Fat, the food substance, got a break when carbohydrates became the enemy to all dieters a few years ago.  In the 80s and early 90s in the U.S., fat was the ‘bad guy’ and you could find just about every food in a fat free version.

There are some super foods, however, that with their ‘good fat’ have changed the way we think about fat. Foods like salmon, avocados, nuts and olive oil are normally listed as parts of a healthy diet. And, as any chef will tell you, fat = flavor.  Without fat, our food does not satisfy us.

But there is still a villain out there in the world of fat: trans fat. Basically, this is fat that has been made saturated by an industrial process that adds hydrogen to oil. The process gives trans fat its other name – hydrogenated fat.  Hydrogenated oil is less likely to go bad, so it is often found in processed foods, and some restaurants use partially hydrogenated vegetable oil in their deep fryers because it doesn’t have to be changed as often as other oils.

Why is this ‘Frankenstein fat’ so bad for you? Simply put, it raises your LDL («bad») cholesterol and lowers your HDL («good») cholesterol. In fact, several cities in the U.S. have banned it, and the FDA recently banned it nationally.

So eating a balanced diet is important, but so is choosing the type of fat you eat.

 

i360-by-diverbo-useful-vocabulary VOCABULARY

Swimsuit – traje de baño
Dieter – el que sigue un régimen
Avacado – aguacate
Nut – fruto seco con cascara
Villain – el malo
Deep fryer – freidora

01/07/2015Level - difficulty 2United StatesAudio